比爾蓋茨 | 仿生手臂賦予孩子表達自己的能力

2018.08.06/文

From pitching a fastball to painting a masterpiece, the human arm is amazing in terms of all the things it can do. But I had a new appreciation for what an incredible feat of engineering—and art—the arm is when I visited a non-profit dedicated to designing bionic limbs for children with disabilities.

從投擲快球到繪制杰作,人類的手臂在其所能做的所有事情方面都令人驚嘆。 但是,當訪問一家致力于為殘疾兒童設計仿生肢體的非營利組織時,我對工程和藝術的驚人成就有了新的認識。



Limbitless Solutions, supported by the University of Central Florida, aims to address the needs of thousands of children who were either born without arms or lost them because of accidents or disease. Its goal is to make custom-designed bionic arms for these children as commonplace as eyeglasses and braces—and at no cost to their families.

Limbitless Solutions得到了佛羅里達中部大學的支持,旨在滿足成千上萬沒有手臂或因事故或疾病而失去手臂的兒童的需求。 它的目標是為這些孩子制作定制的仿生手臂,就像眼鏡和牙套一樣平常 - 而不會給家人帶來任何負擔。

Prosthetic arms for adults, of course, are widely available, but access for many children who need them is difficult or they are unwilling to use them, according to Albert Manero, president of Limbitless Solutions. Children complain that traditional prosthetics are heavy, uncomfortable, or often include a hook for picking things up, sometimes drawing unwanted attention and teasing from other children.

Limbitless Solutions公司總裁Albert Manero表示,成人的假肢手臂當然是廣泛使用的,但許多需要它們的兒童很難獲得,或者他們不愿意使用它們。 孩子們抱怨說傳統的假肢很沉重,不舒服,或者經常包括用來拾取東西的鉤子,有時會引起不必要的注意以及會引起其他孩子的戲弄。



Limbitless is working to change the way the world thinks about artificial limbs. Instead of trying to mimic the look of human skin as existing prosthetics do,Limbitless’s engineers and artists work together to design and manufacture artificial limbs that are colorful and artistic. Instead of a hook, the limbs feature hands with moveable fingers that can grasp objects using the body’s own electrical signals.

Limbitless正在努力改變世界對假肢的看法。 Limbitless的工程師和藝術家不是試圖模仿現有假肢所做的人體皮膚外觀,而是共同設計和制造多彩和藝術性的假肢。不但沒有鉤子,而且手指上還有可移動的手指,可以通過身體的電子信號抓住物體。

The first bionic arm the Limbitless team created was an Iron Man-inspired limb for a 7-year-old boy, Alex Pring, who loves superheroes. (Robert Downey Jr. teamed up with Limbitless to deliver the bionic arm to Alex in 2015.) Other bionic arms are decorated with flowers, bright colors, and other designs inspired by the children’s interests.

Limbitless團隊創建的第一個仿生手臂是一個7歲的男孩,Alex Pring的鋼鐵俠靈感的肢體,他喜歡超級英雄。(Robert Downey Jr.與Limbitless合作在2015年將仿生手臂交付給Alex。)其他仿生手臂裝飾有鮮花,鮮艷的色彩以及受孩子們興趣啟發的其他設計。

The bionic arms have had a life-changing impact not only on the children’s ability to perform day-to-day tasks like getting dressed, picking things up, or buckling a seatbelt, but also their own sense of themselves. Children who were often asked, “What’s wrong with you?” find that they are now the center of attention whenever they enter a room.

仿生手臂不僅對孩子們進行日常生活如穿衣服,撿東西,扣安全帶的能力產生了改變生活的影響,而且也影響了他們自己的感覺。 經常被問到“你怎么了?”的孩子發現,他們現在是進入房間時被關注的焦點。



During my visit toLimbitless’s offices in Orlando last year, I had the opportunity to meet Annika Emmert, a 13-year-old girl whose life was changed thanks to the work of LimbitlessSolutions. Annika was born with a partially developed right arm, which drew lots of unwanted stares from other kids as she was growing up. When Annika’s parents heard aboutLimbitless, they reached out to Manero’s team to see if they could help Annika design her own artificial limb.

在去年訪問奧蘭多的Limbitless辦事處期間,我有機會見到了Annika Emmert,一位13歲的女孩,由于Limbitless Solutions的工作,她的生活發生了改變。 安妮卡出生時,右臂部分發育不良,在成長過程中從其他孩子身上得到了許多不必要的盯視。 當Annika的父母聽說Limbitless時,他們聯系了Manero的團隊,看看他們能否幫助Annika設計自己的假肢。

Annika proudly showed me her creation—a bionic arm painted light blue and decorated with white and pink flowers.

“I’ll wear it sometimes and everybody will want to shake my hand,” she said, “They’ll be like, ‘Oh my gosh, it’s so pretty,’ kind of thing or, ‘Where’d you get it?’ and, ‘Can I get one?’”

安妮卡自豪地向我展示了她的作品 - 仿生手臂,涂成淡藍色,并裝飾有白色和粉紅色的花朵。

“有時我會穿它,每個人都想握我的手,”她說,“他們會說'哦,我的天哪,這很漂亮,'這一類的,或'你從哪里得到它? '','我能拿到嗎?'“

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